Intel Chipset Comparison – Z170 vs. Z97 Differences

By Published August 08, 2015 at 8:30 am
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Intel's Skylake Core i7-6700K CPU has officially been reviewed in gaming capacity. With the launch, we indicated that Intel would be rolling-out the Z170 chipset as a replacement to the current Z97 motherboard brainstem. A few major changes have been instituted in Z170 – some more visible to the consumer than others – and we've detailed most of them below. Motherboards already exist with Z170, like this MSI Krait board.

This chipset comparison between Z170 and Z97 aims to detail the differences between Intel's Haswell motherboard platform and its Skylake successor. Note that the chipsets are coupled with different CPU architectures and, as such, are not interchangeable outside of their supported processor lists. Z170 is joined by the hip with LGA1151 socket types.

Where did Z97 come from?

z87-chipset-diagram-3x2

intel-z97-chipset

Z97 was not the premiere platform that shipped with Haswell, which is the architecture found on Haswell, Haswell Refresh, and Devil's Canyon. The initial platform used Z87, but was refreshed for the shipment of Intel's faster-clocked Devil's Canyon processors.

Z97 vs. Z87 changed a few things, primarily in the realm of storage technology. Z97 introduced SATA Express and M.2 support to the platform, permitting on-chipset PCI-e Gen2 lanes to be allocated to SSDs that utilize the PCI-e interface. Z97 served as a means to ready the market for migration to Z170, adapting for modern storage technologies in the interim between CPU architectures.

That's the only reason Z97 came to exist.

Z170 Chipset Specs & Changes

intel-z170-diagram

Z170 introduces a number of changes to platform architecture. View the above diagram for an initial look.

The Desktop Management Interface (DMI) that bridges communications between the CPU and chipset has been updated to version 3.0, entering territory of PCI-e 3.x transfer rates. This shift has increased the data sample rate from 5GT/s (gigatransfers, of which 1GT = roughly one billion transfers per second) to 8GT/s. The increase results in nearly a 2x sample rate jaunt, the equivalent of moving from 2GB/s to 3.93GB/s.

This is the lowest-level we'll go for sake of GamersNexus and covers the critical CPU-to-chipset pipe.

Moving on to more familiar items, some of the easy changes include support for ten total USB3.x ports (from six), USB3.1 Gen2 support, and Intel “Smart Sound.” Smart Sound integrates support for voice commands (wake on voice) and audio FX (virtual surround, DTS) natively on the CPU.

Beyond these relatively minor details, the Z170 chipset has added to the PCI-e lane availability over Z97, but does so with a few caveats. On paper and in the above block diagram, Z170 boasts 20 PCI-e 3.0 lanes – a marked gain over Z97's 8 PCI-e 2.0 lanes – but the graphic doesn't specify restrictions. Keep in mind that PCI-e lanes can be allocated to much more than graphics, primarily SSDs that communicate using the PCI-e interface (M.2, for instance), and Intel accounts for this. The chipset divides its 20 PCI-e lanes into clusters of four, so that's five sets of four PCI-e lanes. Three of the PCI-e lanes are allocated to Intel's Rapid Storage Technology (RST), enabling RAID SATA-e configurations. Note well that because of the division of lanes, the maximum supported single-card from-chipset allocation is x4, meaning that tri-SLI will not be supported natively given nVidia's hard x8 minimum requirement. CrossFire will allow for x4 lane assignment. In order to assign more lanes to an expansion graphics card, motherboard manufacturers will have to resort to multiplexing chips (PLX/PEX chips) as they've done in the past.

The primary gain from the huge count of PCI-e lanes is going to be in storage applications. Intel's Z170 chipset has 26 total high-speed IO (HSIO) lanes available, and allows the board to divide them between controllers with relative freedom. That allows for greater customization on the side of motherboard manufacturers and, hopefully, some deviation from market norms.

Separately, Intel has made revisions to its accompanying Gigabit ethernet controller, hopefully readying-up for the incoming adoption of fiber across various municipalities. Most of these changes mitigate power consumption and improve power efficiency, advantages that will primarily be observed at the enterprise and biz-client levels.

Intel's other Skylake-class chipsets are not yet available, but will retain traditional branding. Thus far, we know that H170, H110, and B150 exist, alongside Q150. H170 will likely be a chipset with fewer overclocking and enthusiast provisions, making for cheaper motherboards in use cases where neither item is demanded.

More to come as we continue to learn about Skylake.

- Steve “Lelldorianx” Burke.

Steve Burke

Steve started GamersNexus back when it was just a cool name, and now it's grown into an expansive website with an overwhelming amount of features. He recalls his first difficult decision with GN's direction: "I didn't know whether or not I wanted 'Gamers' to have a possessive apostrophe -- I mean, grammatically it should, but I didn't like it in the name. It was ugly. I also had people who were typing apostrophes into the address bar - sigh. It made sense to just leave it as 'Gamers.'"

First world problems, Steve. First world problems.

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