CPU Cooler Test Methodology
CPU cooler testing is conducted using the bench defined below. We use a bench that is more carefully crafted for noise performance, opting for a passively cooled PSU and 23% RPM 980 Ti blower fan for very low system noise.
We strongly believe that our thermal testing methodology is among the best on this side of the tech-media industry. We've validated our testing methodology with thermal chambers and have proven near-perfect accuracy of results.
Conducting thermal tests requires careful measurement of temperatures in the surrounding environment. We control for ambient by constantly measuring temperatures with K-Type thermocouples and infrared readers. Two K-Type thermocouples are deployed around the test bench: One (T1) above the bench, out of airflow channels, and one (T2) approximately 2-3" in front of the cooler's intake fan. These two data points are averaged in a spreadsheet, creating a T3 value that is subtracted second-to-second from our AIDA64 logging of the CPU cores.
All six CPU cores are totaled and averaged second-to-second. The delta value is created by subtracting corresponding ambient readings (T3) from the average CPU core temperature. We then produce charts using a Delta T(emperature) over Ambient value. AIDA64 is used for logging thermals of silicon components, including the CPU and GPU diodes. We additionally log core utilization and frequencies to ensure all components are firing as expected. Voltage levels are measured in addition to fan speeds, frequencies, and thermals.
The cores are kept locked to 3.8GHz (x38 multiplier). VCore voltage is locked to 1.141v for the CPU. C-States are disabled, as is all other power saving. The frequency is locked without any interference from boost or throttle functions. This is to ensure that the CPU does not undergo any unexpected/uncontrollable power saving or boost states during testing, and ensures that the test platform remains identical from one device to the next.
Fan speeds are manually controlled unless otherwise defined. For liquid coolers, pumps are set to 100% speed unless otherwise defined.
No open bench fans are used for these CPU cooler tests. Only fans which are provided with the cooler are used.
|GN Test Bench 2015||Name||Courtesy Of||Cost|
|Video Card||GTX 980 Ti Reference 23% RPM||NVIDIA||EOL|
|CPU||Intel i7-5930K CPU @ 3.8GHz||iBUYPOWER
|Memory||Corsair Vengeance 32GB 2666MHz||Corsair||$175|
|Motherboard||EVGA X99 Classified||GamersNexus||$365|
|Power Supply||Enermax DigiFANLESS||Enermax||$250|
|SSD||HyperX Savage SSD||Kingston Tech.||$130|
|Case||Top Deck Tech Station||GamersNexus||$250|
|CPU Cooler||This is what we're testing!||-||-|
We use an AMPROBE multi-diode thermocouple reader to log ambient actively. This ambient measurement is used to monitor fluctuations and is subtracted from absolute GPU diode readings to produce a delta value. For these tests, we configured the thermocouple reader's logging interval to 1s, matching the logging interval of GPU-Z and AIDA64. Data is calculated using a custom, in-house spreadsheet and software solution.
Our test starts with a 180s idle period to gauge non-gaming performance. A script automatically triggers the beginning of a CPU-intensive benchmark running Prime95 LFFTs. Because we use an in-house script, we are able to perfectly execute and align our tests between passes.
Flat-Out Thermal Benchmark CPU Coolers
For standard flat-out thermal testing, the Corsair H115i Pro lands about 50-60% the way down our full chart. Remember, the H115i Pro focuses more on noise than thermals, so that focus will land it lower on the thermal testing charts. For flat-out speeds, the H115i Pro operates right around the EVGA CLC 280 at equivalent RPMs. At 39 degrees above ambient, the H115i Pro is operating at 37dBA, something we’ll discuss later, and lands just three degrees warmer than the 360mm H150i Pro at 40dBA.
Positioned versus the EVGA CLC 280, performance is similar at 1050RPM, but other factors enter play: EVGA’s CLC 280 costs about $140, the same as the H115i Pro, and takes a much different visual approach. EVGA’s fans can spin-up significantly faster as well, but will hit 57dBA when maxed – basically an unusable noise level.
Other competitors adjacent to the H115i Pro include the X42 140mm cooler at much higher fan speeds of 1700RPM, and higher noise levels, and the Eisbaer 420 at lower fan speeds and with its anemic fans and pump.
CPU Cooler Noise Level Benchmark
The Corsair H115i Pro is focused on silence, as was the Corsair H150i Pro that we reviewed previously – a 360mm variant. In terms of out-of-the-box acoustics, operating at 100% fan speeds, the Corsair H115i Pro lands at 37dBA for total system noise in our testing. This plants it within margin of error of the X61 at 1050RPM and CLC 280 at 1050RPM. The difference between these rankings is that, unlike EVGA and NZXT, Corsair is already at its maximum fan speed. The included fans spin at a lower RPM and focus efforts on lower-noise performance. Corsair does excellently here, and has managed to build a set of fans that operate at a competitive noise level with other 280mm closed-loop coolers. On this chart, barring the EK Predator that was manually tuned to the lowest RPM it could sustain, the H115i Pro is technically the quietest 280mm cooler. To be fair, though, it is within margin of error of others that have been manually tuned down to lower fan speeds.
We didn’t have the same highly audible pump whine as with the H150i Pro, but each cooler uses an Asetek 6th Gen pump. We’d imagine this is more to do with manufacturing tolerances and variance than anything.
CPU Cooler Noise-Normalized Thermals
Noise normalization doesn’t really work here like it normally does. In order to hit 40dBA, we’d have to use louder and faster fans on the H115i Pro. Typically, this test is a 40dBA stock fan test. Corsair operates below that natively. We’ll keep this in mind for future noise normalization benchmarks, and might do an additional lower dBA noise test.
Regardless, just for perspective, the H115i Pro at 37dBA – a 3dBA difference, and therefore entering noticeable territory – lands between the EK Fluid Gaming 240 and H115i original unit.
Conclusion: H115i Pro Benchmark & Review
Here are some quick price checks on nearby alternatives:
- H115i Pro - $140
- H150i Pro – Should be $150-$160
- EVGA CLC 280 - $140, on sale for $113 at time of writing
- H115i non-Pro - $130-140
- Kraken X52 - $131
Ultimately, Corsair’s H115i Pro is OK. It’s fine. If you have the H115, there’s no reason to upgrade, really. The only stand-out performer among the H115i Pro tests would be the fan, where Corsair’s selection has enabled the H115i Pro to operate among the quietest 280mm coolers – especially while still retaining any meaningful level of performance. The H115i Pro does well to optimize and min-max its fan choice versus Asetek’s new pump, which we already indicated didn’t do much in terms of performance benefit. The fans are quiet and still move a lot of air. Job well done on that front.
Of course, the counter-argument is that you could always just quiet-down competing fans to the same or similar RPMs. In that case, for anyone willing to do some tuning (and who doesn’t require peak noise-thermal ratios out-of-box), it’s absolutely worth considering the EVGA CLC at its presently discounted price of $113. Typically, all these 280mm coolers are about the same price, though. If that’s true when you’re checking prices, pick based on these items: (1) Out-of-box silence versus tunable silence, (2) looks and LEDs.
That really is what it comes down to, these days.
Editorial, Testing: Steve Burke
Video: Andrew Coleman